Id like to seek expertise on validating a simple firewall setup.
Do i trunk core switch traffic to the cisco ASA OR assign L3 link instead? It is basic understanding that the Cisco ASA is usually use for protection from our internet zone.A typical Cisco ASA setup would consist of outside, inside, dmz zone.
L3 core switch consist of 20 VLANS20 vlan needs to be blocked from each other. Eg Wireless Vlan does not have access to Server Vlan etc etc.
what is the best practise to filter ip address within vlan from reaching each other.Should i trunk all my vlan to the Cisco firewall? (For easy vlan restrictions: but is that best practise?)Or do ACL on the core switch itself? but what if i have tons of servers ip that needs specific ports blocking or etc.How would i be able to manage all my ACL on the core switch.
I have a Cisco 2901 which terminates a Class C address pool. I have split the Class C address pool into 3 sub-nets and 2 zones and created a non-addressable pool (private pool):
dmz-zone : x.x.x.0 TO x.x.x.127 (x.x.x.0/25) in-zone: x.x.x.128 TO x.x.x.159 (x.x.x.128/27) & x.x.x.160 TO x.x.x.191 (x.x.x.160/27) private-zone: 192.168.x.0 TO 192.168.x.255 (192.168.x.0/24)
I have configured private-zone NAT to use address pool x.x.x.161 TO x.x.x.189 within the in-zone.
dmz-zone - are servers for : DNS, Syslog, SIP & HTTP/HTTPS in-zone - is a SMTP mail server which is behind VPN Gateway/NAT, TomCat (Application Server) and PostgreSQL Server private-zone - is where all standard users are operating from and they can access the SIP & HTTP/HTTPS servers within dmz-zone My problem is that I cannot seem to configure the ZBFW to allow the dmz-zone HTTP/HTTP server to redirect to in-zone TomCat server.
I do not want to make the TomCat server generally visible and am instead using the Apache proxy/ajp13 to connect from dmz-zone server to in-zone server.However I cannot seem to get anything (including icmp) to work from dmz-zone to in-zone.
I have Policy:
POLICY-DMZ-IN (dmz-zone to in-zone) which has: any any udp/tcp inspect any any icmp inspect unmatched traffic DROP/LOG
But I still cannot get anything from dmz-zone to in-zone...Could the POLICY-DMZ-IN be being overridden by other dmz-zone to out-zone policies?
NOTE: I have routing rules for each of various sub-nets and all out-zone to dmz-zone, out-zone to in-zone and private-zone to out-zone, in-zone and dmz-zone routing works ok, so it appears problem is with ZBFW not routing table.
I'm about fed up with with having this issue that no one can seem to solve. It dates back to when I owned a WRT54G router. I started experiencing random disconnects with the router, both wired and wireless. I only owned the router a year and figured it was going bad.
So I purchased this WRT120N router late August. Soon after I set the router up, low and behold the same problem started. I've called my ISP a couple occasions and they tell me that everything is fine from their end. I've spoken with Linksys tech support on 3 seperate occasions. I have changed the MTU to 3 different values and upgraded the firmware. The 2nd support tech suggested that I do those two things. To my surprise this worked for 2 or 3 weeks with no problem. The same problem started again just last night disconnecting intermittingly. I spoke with another support tech and they suggested that disable the SPI Firewall protection and Anonymous internet request. That did not work for the brief time I had this disabled.
More into the problem, when it disconnects the modem seems fine but the activity light on it stops as it should. The router itself appears to reboot, then when it comes back up the connection restores. What could possibly cause this? I currently have version 1.0.02.This is getting very frustrating and I am getting very near not using Linksys/Cisco products any longer.
I have a 5540, and i am trying to allow access to internet for an specific network object group, who has inside a bunch of users, who needs direct internet access without any restrictions, i have tried with dynamic NAT, but that configuration ask for a specific IP o a Network range, and is not permitted to configure an object group as a source
The group is located in LAN zone, so a permission from one zone to another zone is needed i think, but i can allow the internet acess to that group Is there another way to get that , different from NAT ?
I have multiple questions about the PIX 525 software version 8.0(2) ASDM 6.0 (2)I am a windows network admin that is new to Cisco and routing in general. I have read through the forums and the Cisco documentation, but have not been able to fully understand the topics discussed within.
This option is currently DISSABLED for all interfaces.I know what ip address spoofing is, but what is the functionality of these options specifically? How does it work and should I enable it and for which interfaces? Second Question: Scanning Threat Detection - Auto Shun
I found this option in ASDM under: Configuration --> Firewall --> Threat Detection.Enable Basic Threat Detection and Enable Scanning Threat Detection are both currently ENABLED, but Shun Hosts detected by scanning threat is currently DISABLED. Also, the Networks Excluded from Shun field is empty. I know what the shun command does. I have used it many times when I have been fortunate enough to catch some piece of **** trying to spam my mail server or gain access to it.
What I am asking specifically is how does the Auto Shun work? Should I enable it and what are the potential consequences? Also, what exactly is a scanning attack?
I am not familiar enough with the PIX and with the topics discussed in the document to successfully apply the info within. Plus, I'm not sure it covers the kind of basic, all-inclusive bandwith cap I would like to put in place.
The goal is to cap the maximum internet (outside) bandwidth that inside5 can use to a reasonable percentage while allowing the other interfaces to have the remainder.
How would I go about this implementation? 2. Is there a way to allow inside1 - inside4 to use max bandwidth when there is no traffic on inside5?
I am probably, at least, the third owner of this device and I do not have an account with Cisco nor can my tiny (perhaps non-exsistant given the current economic state) IT budget afford any form of support or software licensing with them.My goal is to backup the IOS and ASDM data in the event that I have to replace the device due to a hardware failure.
I found a file transfer function within ASDM which allowed my to copy the files pix802.bin, asdm-602.bin and tfp from flash to my desktop computer. I also have a copy of the activation key info and my current configuration.
1. Have I backed up all the data/info I would need to restore this software and ASDM to another unit. 2. The activation key screen also has a serial number field. Is this the hardware serial number or is it for the software? and is it tied to this device specifically or can I use it to restore another unit if necessary? 3. Is there anything else I should do or be aware of regarding backup and restore for the PIX? 4. What is the tfp file?
We had a problem with SMTP inspection dropping some regular emails (Cisco 2901 IOS 15.0).Incoming mails are going thru Spam and Virus Blocker so that bypassing SMTP inspection is not security issue in this case.
I've been trying to configured Websense urlfiltering using ZFW feature on my Cisco 881G router. The router is running on IOS 15.0(1)M with Advanced IP Services. And I have confirmed it supports urlfilter feature.
This is what I tried to accomplish but IOS version 15.0x seems to have different command set. ----------------------- class-map type inspect httptraffic match protocol http parameter-map type urlfilter param server vendor websense 10.20.30.40 [Code]...
I have two 1811's connected in a lab using a ipsec vpn tunnel (using a switch to simulate an internet connection between them).I am trying to configure one of the routers as a ZBPF just to allow a remote windows login (DC on the firewalled side, workstations on the other side).I'm trying to verify that the zbpf is working, but it doesn't seem to stop anything. I had match icmp added to the class-map, but took it out to test if icmp would fail. It didn't. Basically, I don't think the firewall is working at all. Any thoughts on how I can configure this so that the policies will work between zone-pairs?
Here's an quick drawing:
Here are the configurations:
Local router: hostname sdc-1811-LocalLab ! boot-start-marker boot-end-marker ! no aaa new-model ! resource policy
I am getting ready to deploy a 3945 ISR to serve as an internet and core router for and remote site. I will be terminating a site-to-site VPN tunnel on it and also configuring a zone based firewall config between my "outside" (internet link) and "inside" (all internal nets). My question is about how to approach securing the WAN interface with the Zone based FW in place?what kind of ACL do I need beyond those allowing and restricting remote access to the outside ip?
I have a cisco 1841 router , and i want to configure zone based firewall on it. But the document of zone based firewall only said that "after 12.4(6)T" can support zone based firewall. I use the ios " c1841-ipbasek9-mz.124-15.T9.bin ", but it can't support ZFW. What kind of ios support ZFW. for example: ipbase, ent base, ip service ,advent etc.
I have a simple setup where I have a 2911 router with three interfaces, Inside, Outside and a second "Inside" interface which is labelled as a DMZ. The Zone Firewall applied to the "DMZ" is actually Inside (until I can work through problems). I need to be able to access a device on the DMZ via its external IP so I have designed NAT to use IP Nat Enable commands. This is now working for me fine. However, since utilising IP Nat Enable, my zone firewall now denies return TCP / UDP traffic and consequently I no longer have any internet access. Looking at the syslog messages, the reason for this is that the router is denying these return flows not because they are matching the outside-to-inside policy, but rather they are matching the outside-to-SELF policy. The router seems the detect that the internet traffic is being returned to SELF, when in reality the NAT rule should pick this up and forward it to inside. I can understand why this is happening, because I am NATting all private / inside traffic behind the external IP of the router, which is assigned to the Gi0/0 interface. [code]
we are experiencing performance issues on ASR 1004 with ZBF as our campus edge router.Symptoms:
- sending small packets from inside zone to outside zone, for example UDP packets without payload - this way I can generate up to 150.000 pps traffic (testing with packeth software, but we have had a real example with some kind of worm/virus) - CPU load is about 1% (yes one!) to 2% all time !! (weird) - ASR response to pings rises very quickly up to 5 seconds which makes box unusable dropping everything what goes through ZBF (so internet connection is gone) - if I do the ping directly from box, it seems to work fine (no rules from self to outside zone in ZBF) - if I remove interfaces from inside and outside zone (so disabling ZBF) and do the test again, ASR response goes from normal (0.2ms) up to 2ms (still sending 150.000 pps) and everything seems to work fine)
According to Cisco Datasheets: routing, Qos, Zbf ... on ASR 1000 with RP1, ESP10 should be done in hardware with up to 17.000.000 pps performance.
I am confiuring ZFW on a Cisco 2951 Router. The router has the following interfaces: [code]Port Channel 1, 1.5, 1.10, 1.15, 1.20 have been added to the zone called IN-OUT. All the subinterfaces correspond to an internal VLAN.The router is connected to a MPLS network and has a BGP peer on interface MPPP. Over the MPLS network, an ecrypted DMVPN tunnel to HQ has been built (tunnel 0). EIGRP is the routing protocol running over the tunnel.Traffic coming in from HQ has to be firewalled on this router (don't ask me why!!). As a result, I am configuring ZFW on this router.
1-The router itself does not need to be protected, only the servers in the remote offices. That being said, I am not planning to create any self zone on this router. I don't want to break BGP, therefore the MPPP interface will NOT belong to any zone. Is this the correct way to do it?
2-The tunnel 0 interface will belong to OUT-IN zone that will protect all incoming traffic into this site from HQ. So when writing class-maps for the traffic coming INTO this site, do I need to write any class-maps for EIGRP or ESP? My guess is no, since that traffic will not be coming into the site, but rather just terminating on the router.
I want to provide some outside interface protection on an ASR 10001 router. The Internet facing interface is the ingress for all remote access home users that have created a DMVPN. I want to protect the network from the Internet but, at the same time protect against breaking the tunnels created from the home users.We are running EIGRP between the home users and the HQ router. How would you build the access-list applied to the outside interface and what protocols would you allow through?
url...I discovered that it would be possible to be protected from portscan, i mean when someone scan our nework/host from outside, the attacker will see all the 65535 ports as "open" (in that way it will be more difficult for an attacker to perform customized attacks...)So I have follow the setup in that link: policy-map global_policy class class-defaults set connection embryonic-conn-max 15 per-client-embryonic-max 3 service-policy global_policy global . The problem is that I don't have the exepected result..If i do a portscan over Internet from an external host to my hosts the portscan is successfully working and I can view my open ports...I have also tried to set this through a "match" in an access-list but without any sucess.
I am trying to understand zone base firewalls? I attempted to make the ip address 10.2.22.231 available to the outside world using port 80 and 443 on external interface(4) public IP address. I can see hits on the access list and Nat entries but it's not getting through.
Here is the config. crypto pki trustpoint TP-self-signed enrollment selfsigned subject-name cn=IOS-Self-Signed-Certificate- revocation-check none [code].....
I'm having a few problems at the moment with a zone based firewall setup. The more I looked into the problems the more I question whether I need the ZBF or not.My network is pretty simple. 1 Internet connection and 1 LAN interface and a few site to site vpns to the router.So what do people think to having this kind of set up and not using a ZBF?
I'm sure this is simple to resolve. I just bought a new Cisco 2901 ISR Router. How do I configure the Cisco 2901 ISR Router for Zone Firewall? The "zone" command is not recognized and does not show up in the "?" list in config or user modes -
I'm trying to setup a zone behind my firewall with complete publicly routeable IP addresses for 3 servers. The reason I'm doing this is I am in the network setup stage of an OCS implementation, and OCS connections don't behave well with NAT.
My device is a ASA5520. I have an internal zone, and a dmz zone. These are done via standard NAT configurations.
My question is this:
Is it possible to setup connectivity to the outside with internal servers that have Public IP's directly on their NIC's? Another little detail of interest is that this ip space is seperate than the one that's on current Outside interface facing our ISP. However we own both address space.
So, I have this router at home a WRT150N. I put in access restrictions so my siblings won't stray onto unwanted pages.I enabled SPI Firewall Protection and what do you know, it worked. The next day though, we didn't have an internet connection.I checked everything with the modem (power cycles, etc.) and then I tried the router. Upon disabling SPI Firewall Protection, the internet connection came back.I tested it yet again, to see if it really was the SPI. Enabled and bam, no internet access again. I made sure to select "Allow" in the Access Restrictions for "Internet access during selected days and hours" making sure also that "Everyday" and "24 Hours" are selected.Now my question is, what do I need to do in order to enable my Access Restrictions without having to lose internet connection via the SPI Firewall?
On router Cisco 881 with ZBF I have dedicated VLAN for AP connection. AP is getting IP address from router dhcp server, I would like to limit all access to Router "Self" zone to only DHCP traffic if possible. How to limit all traffic except DHCP to self zone?What ever I do to traffic to/from self zone I must always specify last statement as "class class-default/inspect" and not drop as I would like to.
I am looking to implement Zone-Based Firewall on some 2900 series routers (2911 and 2921.) Based on some research I've done it looks like the cisco2911-sec/k9 and cisco2921-sec/k9 bundles should be all I need. Is this correct, or is there some other licensing component that needs to be enabled for me to implement Zone-Based Firewall?
I have ezVPN Clients connected to the ASA5510. Those Clients are assigned an IP from 192.168.236.0/24 Pool.
I have a Router of a contractor connected to a dedicated ASA Interface called IBIZA with IP Net 10.100.10.0/24 and the Router itself with the IP 10.100.10.1. Behind that Router is another private Network which I need to reach from the ezVPN Clients.
The Connection from the ezVPN Clients to the "LAN" Interface/Network on the ASA works fine, but I cannot reach either the Contractor Router (10.100.10.1) nor the Network behind that.
From the LAN Network (on the LAN Interface) I can reach both the Contractor Router and the Network behind.
When I use the Packet Tracer Tool from the ASDM it tells me that the Traffic goes through but ends on the LAN Interface. But it should end on the IBIZA Interface or am I wrong here ?
What do I need to tell the ASA to route the Traffic from the ezVPN Client to the Contractor Router and back ? I have set up the ezVPN Connection as full-tunnel so all Traffic goes through the VPN Tunnel. That shouldn´t be the Problem.
We are using a CISCO1921-SEC Router. On the "WAN" side we have 1 public IP Adress assigned by DHCP. At the moment we are using the WAN Interface with a crypto-map as endpoint of some IPSec connections. We set up a zone-based-firewall with "WAN" and "LAN" zone. In this setup all IPSec Endpoints are on one Interface - connections to the "LAN" zone can be managed by rulesets. What about connections between IPSec connections and the zone "self".We like to terminate each IPSec connection in a separated zone. How can this be configured ?Each one on a "tunnel inetface" with "tunnel source ..." binding ?
I'm having an issue accessing a clients router on the WAN interface with Cisco config pro. I can get CLI access with SSH without any issue. I have port 22 and 443 allowed as management access from my public IP - SSH working fine but config pro being refused connection, Possibly a certificate issue?
we have an ASR1002 running zone-based-firewall with 2 zones:
I have a common ZFW-configuration on that interfaces, e.g.
<code> class-map type inspect match-any pass_cmap_in match access-group name pass-ipv4-in ! class-map type inspect match-any ph_cmap_in match access-group name ph-ipv4-in
There is some basic stuff in the Access-Lists; direction ph-ipv4-in contains basically "permit ip any any" and ph-ipv4-out contains some permits for certain services, but nothing else. The pass-ipv4-in/out ACL contains particularly the udp-500/4500-stuff as well as gre/esp/ah.
The xconnect is only built up correctly when I configure the interface in the zone_outside. The destination for the xconnect is an ASR9k. If I do not configure the zone on the L2VPN-Interface, only arp-packet are allowed to tgo through the tunnel.
The L2VPN connects a branch office to the network of "PH". Now the trouble starts: when they are putting a host in the branch office, DHCP via the L2VPn works fine, they can ping anything from the branch office-PC in their local network and reach all internal servers etc.
BUT if they want to go to a destination outside their network, it will not work properly. For example, the branch-office-PC can ping 220.127.116.11 fine, but when they try to connect to a website, e.g. www.google.com, they run into a timeout. Netstat says, that the http-syn is sent, but no ack is received.
whereas x.y.225.250 is the PC connected via L2VPN in the branch office to their local lan. When they put the same machine in their local lan directly behind the router (without l2vpn) everything works fine. When I switch off the firewall on the Gi0/0/0-Interface, the PC from the branch office also reaches its destination, so for me it looks like the firewall inspects the traffic going via Gi0/0/1 and L2VPN, what in my opinion, it should not do....