Cisco Firewall :: Add IPS Or IDS Sensor On 5510 Before Installing DMZ Zone

Oct 30, 2012

I will like to know if I need to add a IPS or IDS sensor on my firewall 5510 before  i install a DMZ zone.?

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Cisco Firewall :: 2901 / ZBFW - DMZ-Zone To In-Zone Access

Jun 9, 2012

I have a Cisco 2901 which terminates a Class C address pool. I have split the Class C address pool into 3 sub-nets and 2 zones and created a non-addressable pool (private pool):
 
dmz-zone : x.x.x.0 TO x.x.x.127 (x.x.x.0/25)
in-zone: x.x.x.128 TO x.x.x.159 (x.x.x.128/27) & x.x.x.160 TO x.x.x.191 (x.x.x.160/27)
private-zone: 192.168.x.0 TO 192.168.x.255 (192.168.x.0/24)
 
I have configured private-zone NAT to use address pool x.x.x.161 TO x.x.x.189 within the in-zone.
 
Within the:
 
dmz-zone - are servers for : DNS, Syslog, SIP & HTTP/HTTPS in-zone - is a SMTP mail server which is behind VPN Gateway/NAT, TomCat (Application Server) and PostgreSQL Server private-zone - is where all standard users are operating from and they can access the SIP & HTTP/HTTPS servers within dmz-zone My problem is that I cannot seem to configure the ZBFW to allow the dmz-zone HTTP/HTTP server to redirect to in-zone TomCat server.
 
I do not want to make the TomCat server generally visible and am instead using the Apache proxy/ajp13 to connect from dmz-zone server to in-zone server.However I cannot seem to get anything (including icmp) to work from dmz-zone to in-zone.
 
I have Policy:

POLICY-DMZ-IN (dmz-zone to in-zone) which has:
any any udp/tcp inspect
any any icmp inspect
unmatched traffic DROP/LOG
 
But I still cannot get anything from dmz-zone to in-zone...Could the POLICY-DMZ-IN be being overridden by other dmz-zone to out-zone policies?

NOTE: I have routing rules for each of various sub-nets and all out-zone to dmz-zone, out-zone to in-zone and private-zone to out-zone, in-zone and dmz-zone routing works ok, so it appears problem is with ZBFW not routing table.

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Cisco Firewall :: Installing Certificate For SSL VPN In ASA 5510

Apr 21, 2012

We have purchased "True BusinessID certificate" from Geotrust for our SSL VPN.  Geotrust issued 2 certificates such as Web Server CERTIFICATE & INTERMEDIATE CA.
 
SSL vpn is being configured in Cisco ASA 5510 software version 7.2(3). Now we could successfully install INTERMEDIATE CA successfully to ASA but Web Server CERTIFICATE cannot install and gives the following error
 
*Failed to parse or verify imported certificate*
We followed this link to install the certificatesURL
 
We contacted geotrust regarding this errror and they suggest to install GeoTrust Root along with the Primary & Secondary Intermediate CA certificates for True BusinessID certificate. URL

1. How to install Root along with the Primary & Secondary Intermediate CA certificates on our Cisco ASA 5510 version 7.2(3)  . is there any proper way to install certificate i mean ROOT--intermediate--identify ?
 
2. Have we seleted the exact SSL certificate from Geotrust for our SSL VPN? is there any other certificate we should get it from Geotrust?

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Cisco Firewall :: Installing Signed Certificates Into ASA 5510

Apr 18, 2012

I am running Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.3(2) Device Manager Version 6.4(1).  This will be used as a VPN gateway.  I am having troubles installing our cert.  I can install the cert, but it never connects witht he correct key.  It references trustpoint0 when it is trustpoint1.  I deleted all trustpoints and it still happens.  That.vpngw4# sh run | begin rustcrypto ca trustpoint ASDM_TrustPoint0crl configurecrypto ca trustpoint ASDM_TrustPoint1keypair ASDM_TrustPoint0crl configurecrypto ca certificate chain ASDM_TrustPoint1certificate 0f8e62    308203d5.8c  quitI deleted both trust points and when I do a  sh run both are gone, but when I then import the cert (via ASDM) it creates trustpoint0 again.

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Cisco Firewall :: ASA5512-X Losing Connection To IPS Sensor?

Sep 30, 2012

I have a new 5512-X with the built in IPS sensor. The firewall is running in transparent mode with the management interface being used for both the ASA and the IPS sensor. i.e. a single interface.
 
Both the IPS and the ASA are configured on the same network segment (172.29.25.252 for the firewall and 172.29.25.250 for the IPS).However the IPS module keeps going off-line whilst the firewall is fine. So CSM Health and Performance Manager keeps coming up with an error.
 
Now the interesting bit... If I SSH to the firewall and issue a session ips I get straight into the sensor.I can then ping something from the sensor  - exit out and the sensor is visible on the network for a while.It then drops again.Is there a keep-alive that I need to configure to get this working properly?

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Cisco Firewall :: 2901 - How To Avoid SMTP Inspection On Zone Based Firewall

Aug 2, 2011

We had a problem with SMTP inspection dropping some regular emails (Cisco 2901 IOS 15.0). The original configuration.

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Cisco Firewall :: 2901 To Avoid SMTP Inspection On Zone Based Firewall

Jun 21, 2011

We had a problem with SMTP inspection dropping some regular emails (Cisco 2901 IOS 15.0).Incoming mails are going thru Spam and Virus Blocker so that bypassing SMTP inspection is not security issue in this case.

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Cisco Firewall :: IOS Zone Based Firewall Websense URL Filtering Feature On 881G

Jul 27, 2011

I've been trying to configured Websense urlfiltering using ZFW feature on my Cisco 881G router. The router is running on IOS 15.0(1)M with Advanced IP Services. And I have confirmed it supports urlfilter feature.
 
This is what I tried to accomplish but IOS version 15.0x seems to have different command set.
-----------------------
class-map type inspect httptraffic
match protocol http
parameter-map type urlfilter param
server vendor websense 10.20.30.40
[Code]...

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Cisco Firewall :: 1811 / Zone-Based Policy Firewall Configuration

May 16, 2011

I have two 1811's connected in a lab using a ipsec vpn tunnel (using a switch to simulate an internet connection between them).I am trying to configure one of the routers as a ZBPF just to allow a remote windows login (DC on the firewalled side, workstations on the other side).I'm trying to verify that the zbpf is working, but it doesn't seem to stop anything.  I had match icmp added to the class-map, but took it out to test if icmp would fail.  It didn't.  Basically, I don't think the firewall is working at all.  Any thoughts on how I can configure this so that the policies will work between zone-pairs?

Here's an quick drawing:

Here are the configurations:

 Local router:
 hostname sdc-1811-LocalLab
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
no aaa new-model
!
resource policy

[code]....

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Cisco Firewall :: 3945 / Zone Based Firewall And WAN Interface ACL?

Mar 16, 2011

I am getting ready to deploy a 3945 ISR to serve as an internet and core router for and remote site.  I will be terminating a site-to-site VPN tunnel on it and also configuring a zone based firewall config between my "outside" (internet link) and "inside" (all internal nets).  My question is about how to approach securing the WAN interface with the Zone based FW in place?what kind of ACL do I need beyond those allowing and restricting remote access to the outside ip? 

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Cisco Firewall :: 1841 - Which IOS Support Zone Based Firewall

Jan 3, 2013

I have a cisco 1841 router  , and i want to configure zone based firewall on it. But the document of zone based firewall only said that "after 12.4(6)T" can support zone based firewall. I use the ios  " c1841-ipbasek9-mz.124-15.T9.bin ", but it can't support ZFW. What kind of ios support ZFW. for example: ipbase, ent base, ip service ,advent etc.

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Cisco Firewall :: 2911 Router Zone Firewall And IP NAT Enable

Mar 20, 2013

I have a simple setup where I have a 2911 router with three interfaces, Inside, Outside and a second "Inside" interface which is labelled as a DMZ. The Zone Firewall applied to the "DMZ" is actually Inside (until I can work through problems). I need to be able to access a device on the DMZ via its external IP so I have designed NAT to use IP Nat Enable commands. This is now working for me fine. However, since utilising IP Nat Enable, my zone firewall now denies return TCP / UDP traffic and consequently I no longer have any internet access. Looking at the syslog messages, the reason for this is that the router is denying these return flows not because they are matching the outside-to-inside policy, but rather they are matching the outside-to-SELF policy. The router seems the detect that the internet traffic is being returned to SELF, when in reality the NAT rule should pick this up and forward it to inside. I can understand why this is happening, because I am NATting all private / inside traffic behind the external IP of the router, which is assigned to the Gi0/0 interface. [code]

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Cisco Firewall :: Zone Based Firewall Performance On ASR 1004

Sep 11, 2011

we are experiencing performance issues on ASR 1004 with ZBF as our campus edge router.Symptoms:

- sending small packets from inside zone to outside zone, for example UDP packets without payload
- this way I can generate up to 150.000 pps traffic (testing with packeth software, but we have had a real example with some kind of worm/virus)
- CPU load is about 1% (yes one!) to 2% all time !! (weird)
- ASR response to pings rises very quickly up to 5 seconds which makes box unusable dropping everything what goes through ZBF (so internet connection is gone)
- if I do the ping directly from box, it seems to work fine (no rules from self to outside zone in ZBF)
- if I remove interfaces from inside and outside zone (so disabling ZBF) and do the test again, ASR response goes from normal (0.2ms) up to 2ms (still sending 150.000 pps) and everything seems to work fine)
 
According to Cisco Datasheets: routing, Qos, Zbf ... on ASR 1000 with RP1, ESP10 should be done in hardware with up to 17.000.000 pps performance.

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Cisco Firewall :: 2951 Zone Based Firewall

Feb 16, 2011

I am confiuring ZFW on a Cisco 2951 Router. The router has the following interfaces: [code]Port Channel 1, 1.5, 1.10, 1.15, 1.20 have been added to the zone called IN-OUT. All the subinterfaces correspond to an internal VLAN.The router is connected to a MPLS network and has a BGP peer on interface MPPP. Over the MPLS network, an ecrypted DMVPN tunnel to HQ has been built (tunnel 0). EIGRP is the routing protocol running over the tunnel.Traffic coming in from HQ has to be firewalled on this router (don't ask me why!!). As a result, I am configuring ZFW on this router.
 
1-The router itself does not need to be protected, only the servers in the remote offices. That being said, I am not planning to create any self zone on this router. I don't want to break BGP, therefore the MPPP interface will NOT belong to any zone. Is this the correct way to do it?
 
2-The tunnel 0 interface will belong to OUT-IN zone that will protect all incoming traffic into this site from HQ. So when writing class-maps for the traffic coming INTO this site, do I need to write any class-maps for EIGRP or ESP? My guess is no, since that traffic will not be coming into the site, but rather just terminating on the router.

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Cisco Firewall :: CGR2010 - Using Zone Firewall Option?

May 25, 2011

I will be using a cgr2010 and want to use the zone firewall option. Can i configure sub interfaces on the same main interface to be in different zones

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Cisco Firewall :: Zone Base Firewall NAT On 881

Apr 24, 2013

I am trying to understand zone base firewalls? I attempted to make the ip address 10.2.22.231 available to the outside world using port 80 and 443 on external interface(4) public IP address. I can see hits on the access list and Nat entries but it's not getting through.
 
Here is the config.
crypto pki trustpoint TP-self-signed
enrollment selfsigned
subject-name cn=IOS-Self-Signed-Certificate-
revocation-check none
[code].....

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Cisco :: Zone Based Firewall Really Needed

Sep 18, 2012

I'm having a few problems at the moment with a zone based firewall setup. The more I looked into the problems the more I question whether I need the ZBF or not.My network is pretty simple. 1 Internet connection and 1 LAN interface and a few site to site vpns to the router.So what do people think to having this kind of set up and not using a ZBF?

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Cisco :: IOS Zone - Firewall Stateful Failover?

Aug 3, 2011

I've seen you can configure stateful failover between two routers running ip inspect classic firewall: url...Can the same be done yet for zone-firewall? I cannot find any documentation on it.

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Cisco WAN :: 2901 ISR - How To Do Zone Firewall Config

Sep 12, 2012

I'm sure this is simple to resolve.  I just bought a new Cisco 2901 ISR Router.  How do I configure the Cisco 2901 ISR Router for Zone Firewall?  The "zone" command is not recognized and does not show up in the "?" list in config or user modes -

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Cisco Firewall :: ASA5520 And Public IP Zone

Apr 5, 2011

I'm trying to setup a zone behind my firewall with complete publicly routeable IP addresses for 3 servers. The reason I'm doing this is I am in the network setup stage of an OCS implementation, and OCS connections don't behave well with NAT.
 
My device is a ASA5520. I have an internal zone, and a dmz zone. These are done via standard NAT configurations.
 
My question is this:
 
Is it possible to setup connectivity to the outside with internal servers that have Public IP's directly on their NIC's? Another little detail of interest is that this ip space is seperate than the one that's on current Outside interface facing our ISP. However we own both address space.

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Cisco Firewall :: ASA 5540 Use For Protection From Internet Zone

Mar 7, 2012

-1x Cisco ASA5540
-1x Catalyst 3750x-48T (L3 Core Switch)
 
Id like to seek expertise on validating a simple firewall setup.
 
Do i trunk core switch traffic to the cisco ASA OR assign L3 link instead? It is basic understanding that the Cisco ASA is usually use for protection from our internet zone.A typical Cisco ASA setup would consist of outside, inside, dmz zone.
 
L3 core switch consist of 20 VLANS20 vlan needs to be blocked from each other. Eg Wireless Vlan does not have access to Server Vlan etc etc. 

what is the best practise to filter ip address within vlan from reaching each other.Should i trunk all my vlan to the Cisco firewall? (For easy vlan restrictions: but is that best practise?)Or do ACL on the core switch itself? but what if i have tons of servers ip that needs specific ports blocking or etc.How would i be able to manage all my ACL on the core switch. 

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Cisco Firewall :: 881 - Limit All Traffic Except DHCP To Self Zone?

Dec 22, 2009

On router Cisco 881 with ZBF I have dedicated VLAN for AP connection. AP is getting IP address from router dhcp server, I would like to limit all access to Router "Self" zone to only DHCP traffic if possible. How to limit all traffic except DHCP to self zone?What ever I do to traffic to/from self zone I must always specify last statement as "class class-default/inspect" and not drop as I would like to. 

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Cisco :: 2900 - Implement Zone-Based Firewall?

Dec 25, 2012

I am looking to implement Zone-Based Firewall on some 2900 series routers (2911 and 2921.)  Based on some research I've done it looks like the cisco2911-sec/k9 and cisco2921-sec/k9 bundles should be all I need.  Is this correct, or is there some other licensing component that needs to be enabled for me to implement Zone-Based Firewall?

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Cisco Firewall :: ASA5510 - Routing From EzVPN Client To Non-LAN Zone

Feb 24, 2013

I got a Problem with Routing on a ASA5510.
 
I have ezVPN Clients connected to the ASA5510. Those Clients are assigned an IP from 192.168.236.0/24 Pool.
 
I have a Router of a contractor connected to a dedicated ASA Interface called IBIZA with IP Net 10.100.10.0/24 and the Router itself with the IP 10.100.10.1. Behind that Router is another private Network which I need to reach from the ezVPN Clients.
 
The Connection from the ezVPN Clients to the "LAN" Interface/Network on the ASA works fine, but I cannot reach either the Contractor Router (10.100.10.1) nor the Network behind that.
 
From the LAN Network (on the LAN Interface) I can reach both the Contractor Router and the Network behind.
 
When I use the Packet Tracer Tool from the ASDM it tells me that the Traffic goes through but ends on the LAN Interface. But it should end on the IBIZA Interface or am I wrong here ?
 
What do I need to tell the ASA to route the Traffic from the ezVPN Client to the Contractor Router and back ? I have set up the ezVPN Connection as full-tunnel so all Traffic goes through the VPN Tunnel. That shouldn´t be the Problem.

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Cisco Firewall :: Allow Dmz Zone Server To Resolve Only Dns Query Through Nslookup On ASA 5540

May 2, 2012

How I can allow dmz zone server to resolve only dns query through nslookup on ASA 5540? What is the configuration required on ASA 5540 ?

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Cisco Firewall :: 1921-SEC / Terminate Each IPSec Connection In Separated Zone

Apr 26, 2011

We are using a CISCO1921-SEC Router. On the "WAN" side we have 1 public IP Adress assigned by DHCP. At the moment we are using the WAN Interface with a crypto-map as endpoint of some IPSec connections. We set up a zone-based-firewall with "WAN" and "LAN" zone. In this setup all IPSec Endpoints are on one Interface - connections to the "LAN" zone can be managed by rulesets. What about connections between IPSec connections and the zone "self".We like to terminate each IPSec connection in a separated zone. How can this be configured ?Each one on a "tunnel inetface" with "tunnel source ..." binding ?

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Cisco Switching/Routing :: 881 - Zone Based Firewall (Can't Access Router With CCP)

Mar 3, 2013

I'm having an issue accessing a clients router on the WAN interface with Cisco config pro. I can get CLI access with SSH without any issue.  I have port 22 and 443 allowed as management access from my public IP - SSH working fine but config pro being refused connection, Possibly a certificate issue?

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Cisco WAN :: Zone Based Firewall On ASR1002 With Xconnect Encapsulation Mpls

Apr 3, 2013

we have an ASR1002 running zone-based-firewall with 2 zones:

zone_ouside
zone_ph
 
I have a common ZFW-configuration on that interfaces, e.g.
 
<code>
class-map type inspect match-any pass_cmap_in
match access-group name pass-ipv4-in
!
class-map type inspect match-any ph_cmap_in
match access-group name ph-ipv4-in

[code]....
 
There is some basic stuff in the Access-Lists; direction ph-ipv4-in contains basically "permit ip any any" and ph-ipv4-out contains some permits for certain services, but nothing else. The pass-ipv4-in/out ACL contains particularly the udp-500/4500-stuff as well as gre/esp/ah.
 
Here are the zone-pairs:

<code>
zone-pair security zone_ph-zone_outside source zone_ph destination zone_outside
service-policy type inspect ph_pmap_in
!
zone-pair security zone_outside-zone_ph source zone_outside destination zone_ph
service-policy type inspect ph_pmap_out
!
</code>

[code]...
 
The xconnect is only built up correctly when I configure the interface in the zone_outside. The destination for the xconnect is an ASR9k. If I do not configure the zone on the L2VPN-Interface, only arp-packet are allowed to tgo through the tunnel.
 
The L2VPN connects a branch office to the network of "PH". Now the trouble starts: when they are putting a host in the branch office, DHCP via the L2VPn works fine, they can ping anything from the branch office-PC in their local network and reach all internal servers etc.
 
BUT if they want to go to a destination outside their network, it will not work properly. For example, the branch-office-PC can ping 8.8.8.8 fine, but when they try to connect to a website, e.g. www.google.com, they run into a timeout. Netstat says, that the http-syn is sent, but no ack is received.

On the router, I see:

Session 1178BAE8 (x.y.225.250:2370)=>(173.194.35.151:80) http SIS_OPENING
 
whereas x.y.225.250 is the PC connected via L2VPN in the branch office to their local lan. When they put the same machine in their local lan directly behind the router (without l2vpn) everything works fine. When I switch off the firewall on the Gi0/0/0-Interface, the PC from the branch office also reaches its destination, so for me it looks like the firewall inspects the traffic going via Gi0/0/1 and L2VPN, what in my opinion, it should not do....

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Cisco Firewall :: 1811 / Zone Based FW With Non-standard HTTP Port

Apr 4, 2011

We are testing a Zone Based FW config since 1month, everything run smooth but we're having problem ( big slow speed access ) when a user try to reach a website on a non-standard port ( 8080 in that case ). All the trafic stay in our LAN, using a IPSEC/EZVPN connection between the 2 sites.As soon as I have disabled the Zone Based FW, the speed was much better.
 
I'm sure I'm missing a parameter to fix that problem but I tried many different options and I didn't find anything yet. All the routers are Cisco 1811 running adv IP Services 15.1.2.T1 IOS.A port-map has been created to map the port 8080 to the HTTP protocol for the inspection.The PC will have an IP address in the 10.2.2.x/24 and will access a server on 10.2.3.x/24, both devices are part of the zone private in each site/LAN.All the access between sites are managed by an ASA; the IPSEC/EZVPN peer.Little summary, it's gonna be something like : SiteA with a PC on private zone then on public zone for the EZVPN to SiteB on public zone and then private zone to access the server in the LAN.

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Cisco Routers :: SR520 Not Criterion In Zone-based Policy Firewall Class-maps

Jan 16, 2012

I'm trying to configure a zone-based firewall on an SR520 and am confused about the 'not' criterion. The 'zone-design-guide' says (my stress): Class- maps define the traffic that the firewall selects for policy application. Layer 4 class-maps sort the traffic based on these criteria listed here. These criteria are specified using the match.where my intention is to let only LAN hosts with IPs in the range 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.7 out through the firewall. There may be an easier way of doing this which I'd be pleased to hear about. But, even if there is, I'd also be interested to know what I'm doing wrong in the above.

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Cisco Firewall :: 2911 - Control Link In Zone-Based Policy High Availability

Jun 26, 2012

I have set up a zone-based policy firewall with HA on two 2911 routers as per the Cisco security configuration guide, for an active/passive LAN-LAN cluster. All works as expected, but there is one problem I find: when the control link between the two devices fails, they go into an active/active state as each member assumes it's the last surviving member. The ARP entries for the Virtual IPs on the neighboring devices point to the device that last claimed the active role (usually the standby device). This works in a way, just sessions don't get synched anymore (control link is the same as data link). Now when the link comes back up, the preemtion works and the active, former standby device goes back to standby. But the ARP entries on the neighboring devices still point to the standby device and nothing goes (also sessions established during the active/active state are lost due to resync with the now active member).
 
This is a single point of failure and what I need is a way to mitigate that. Under:

redundancy
application redundancy
group 1
control <interface> protocol 1

only one control interface is allowed. Other manufacturers with similar functionality provide for the possibilty of a backup control link, for example the internal LAN interface or a dedicated backup link.
 
How would I go about that? Maybe use a port-channel for the control/data link (but I'm out of interfaces)?

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Cisco Switching/Routing :: 4507 FAN Sensor Error

May 13, 2013

I have 4507 switch and I got the error of fan sensor which is mention below [code] What the meaning of FAN Sensor both are Bad/off ?

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Cisco AAA/Identity/Nac :: 1142 How CDP Device Sensor Probe Works With ISE

Jan 24, 2013

how the CDP device sensor probe works with ISE ?What I am trying to do, is to identify different Cisco Wireless Access Point models (i.e. LAP 1142) with ISE.Since the APs do speak CDP (I can see the AP devices on the switch), this should be possible with the CDP device sensor on the switch, shouldn't it  I have done the following so far: Configured the switch to talk to ISE via radius accounting: [code] Should this config make the switch send CDP information about connected devices to the ISE (via radius accounting) ?How do the device sensors work ?

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